Schedule I – These drugs require a prescription for sale and are provided to the public by the pharmacist following the diagnosis and professional intervention of a practitioner. They are subject to the same conditions as the drugs listed in the Prescription Drug List established in accordance with section 29.1 of the Food and Drugs Act and its accompanying Regulations (Canada).
Schedule II – These drugs, while less strictly regulated, do require professional intervention from the pharmacist at the point of sale and possibly referral to a practitioner. While a prescription is not required, the drugs are available only from the pharmacist and must be retained within an area of the pharmacy where there is no public access and no opportunity for patient self-selection.
Schedule III – These drugs may present risks to certain populations in self-selection. Although available without a prescription, these drugs are to be sold from the self-selection area of a licensed pharmacy.
Unscheduled – These drugs can be sold without professional supervision. Adequate information is available for the patient to make a safe and effective choice and labelling is deemed sufficient to ensure the appropriate use of the drug. These drugs may be sold from any retail environment.
Current Drug Schedules
- Provincial Drug Schedules – August 2021